Document Type : Research Paper
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, West Azarbayjan, Iran
In this paper a magnetostrictive material (MSM) based energy harvesting device is proposed. The device is made up of a steel beam laminated with Metglas 2605sc as the magnetostrictive material; the device undergoes mechanical strain due to the external base excitation. The mechanical strain yields in a magnetic field around the beam. A pickup coil is wounded around the beam which converts magnetic field into electrical current. The equation of motion is derived based on the nonlinear Euler-Bernolli beam theory in order to account for large deflections. Kirchhoff and Faraday's laws are also benefited to couple the mechanical, magnetic and electrical field. The equation is discretized based on Galerkin method and numerically integrated over the time. Energy conservation is examined and the response in the frequency domain is obtained. In the case of initial displacement in the absence of mechanical damping, vibration amplitude attenuates as the electrical current is induced in the pickup coil; this was attributed to the attenuation of the total mechanical energy of the beam as it was harvested from the pickup coil. The temporal response was fitted to that of a single degree of freedom mass-spring-damped and the equivalent damping ratio was determined. The attenuation rate was studied with different values of resistance and number of turns in pickup coil and the relation between these two factors was obtained in order to maximize the output electrical power.